Venous eczema refers to inflammation of the skin (epidermis and dermis) caused by chronic venous insufficiency.
Varicose veins and deep venous insufficiency cause chronically increased pressure in the veins. The veins then leak and fluid, white blood cells, red blood cells and protein extravasate into surrounding tissues. This causes an inflammatory response with associated itching, dry skin and rash. The skin may begin to crack, ooze or form crusts. The area may be susceptible to infection or further break down and form a venous ulcer.
Treatment aims at closing these veins to prevent ongoing venous congestion and leakage.
Signs and Symptoms
- Cracked skin.
- Physical examination